Russia

Lake Baikal - World's Deepest Lake (Russia)

Lake
calendarSep 11 2017
Lake Baikal is a rift lake in Russia, located in southern Siberia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast.Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 22–23% of the world's fresh surface water.it contains more water than the North American Great Lakes combined.With a maximum depth of 1,642 m (5,387 ft),Baikal is the world's deepest lake.It is considered among the world's clearest lakes and is considered the world's oldest lake at 25 million years.It is the seventh-largest lake in the world by surface area.
The sedimentary strata on the floor of the lake may be as much as 20,000 feet (6,100 metres) thick.Breaks in Earth’s crust produce hot mineral springs in the area. There are occasional severe earthquakes; in 1862 a quake inundated about 77 square miles (200 square km) in the northern Selenga delta, creating a new bay in Baikal known as Proval Bay.
Plant and animal life in the lake is rich and various. There are between 1,500 and 1,800 animal species at different depths, and hundreds of plant species live on or near the surface. The majority of the species are endemic to Baikal. There are some 50 species of fish, belonging to seven families; the most numerous of these are the 25 species of gobies.Or There are more than 320 bird species in the Baikal area.
Threats to Lake Baikal
The algae are toxic to other species. The algae have damaged water snails, sponges, fish and crustaceans — which pass the toxins along to people, according to the New York Times.
Lake Baikal has successfully met environmental challenges in the past. In 2006, activists were able to get the government to completely reroute an oil pipeline. "It would have crossed into the lake's watershed in the north and come within 800 meters of the lake. It would have had devastating impacts," Castner said.
Location
Lake Baikal is located in south-central Russia near the Mongolian border.

Lake Baikal

Lake
calendarSep 11 2017

Lake Baikal

Lake
calendarSep 11 2017

Lake Baikal

Lake
calendarSep 11 2017