Russia

The Gulf Of Finland In Russia

The
calendarSep 21 2017
The Gulf of Finland is the easternmost arm of the Baltic Sea.It extends between Finland (to the north) and Estonia (to the south) all the way to Saint Peters burg in Russia, where the river Neva drains into it. Other major cities around the gulf include Helsinki and Tallinn. The eastern parts of the Gulf of Finland belong to Russia, and some of Russia's most important oil harbours are located farthest in, near Saint Peters burg (including Primorsk). As the seaway to Saint Peters burg, the Gulf of Finland has been and continues to be of considerable strategic importance to Russia. Some of the environmental problems affecting the Baltic Sea are at their most pronounced in the shallow gulf.The gulf is an important shipping route for its main ports: Porkkala, Helsinki, and Kotka in Finland; Vyborg, St. Peters burg, and Kronshtadt in Russia; and Tallinn in Estonia.The Gulf of Finland is a crucial sea route and maritime area to the regions of Harju (Estonia) and Uusimaa (Finland) from an economic, environmental and social perspective. Seven million passengers cross the seaway between Helsinki and Tallinn by ferry annually.
The Baltic Sea is one of the largest bodies of brackish water in the world, which is reflected in the relatively narrow but unique biota that includes both sea and fresh water species. Subsequently the ecosystem of the Gulf of Finland is vulnerable to loss of biodiversity, as there may not be substituting species for ones that diminish or disappear. The Gulf also lies along the main migration route of arctic birds. There are many national nature conservation areas in the Gulf of Finland most of which are part of the European Natura 2000 network. All the conservation areas in the Gulf are part of the Baltic Sea Protected Areas network.

The Gulf Of Finland

The
calendarSep 21 2017